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The difference is that the repeated capturing group will capture only the last iteration, while a group capturing another group that’s repeated will capture all iterations. An example will make this clear. Let’s say you want to match a tag like!abc! TechSmith Snagit 2020: Enable repeat last capture To enable Repeat last capture configure a hotkey combination. Right click the Snagit system tray icon and select Preferences.
When creating a regular expression that needs a capturing group to grab part of the text matched, a common mistake is to repeat the capturing group instead of capturing a repeated group. The difference is that the repeated capturing group will capture only the last iteration, while a group capturing another group that’s repeated will capture all iterations. An example will make this clear.
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Let’s say you want to match a tag like !abc! or !123!. Only these two are possible, and you want to capture the abc or 123 to figure out which tag you got. That’s easy enough: !(abc123)! will do the trick.
Now let’s say that the tag can contain multiple sequences of abc and 123, like !abc123! or !123abcabc!. The quick and easy solution is !(abc123)+!. This regular expression will indeed match these tags. However, it no longer meets our requirement to capture the tag’s label into the capturing group. When this regex matches !abc123!, the capturing group stores only 123. When it matches !123abcabc!, it only stores abc.
This is easy to understand if we look at how the regex engine applies !(abc123)+! to !abc123!. First, ! matches !. The engine then enters the capturing group. It makes note that capturing group #1 was entered when the engine reached the position between the first and second character in the subject string. The first token in the group is abc, which matches abc. A match is found, so the second alternative isn’t tried. (The engine does store a backtracking position, but this won’t be used in this example.) The engine now leaves the capturing group. It makes note that capturing group #1 was exited when the engine reached the position between the 4th and 5th characters in the string.
After having exited from the group, the engine notices the plus. The plus is greedy, so the group is tried again. The engine enters the group again, and takes note that capturing group #1 was entered between the 4th and 5th characters in the string. It also makes note that since the plus is not possessive, it may be backtracked. That is, if the group cannot be matched a second time, that’s fine. In this backtracking note, the regex engine also saves the entrance and exit positions of the group during the previous iteration of the group.
abc fails to match 123, but 123 succeeds. The group is exited again. The exit position between characters 7 and 8 is stored.
Snagit Repeat Last Capture Game
The plus allows for another iteration, so the engine tries again. Backtracking info is stored, and the new entrance position for the group is saved. But now, both abc and 123 fail to match !. The group fails, and the engine backtracks. While backtracking, the engine restores the capturing positions for the group. Namely, the group was entered between characters 4 and 5, and existed between characters 7 and 8.
The engine proceeds with !, which matches !. An overall match is found. The overall match spans the whole subject string. The capturing group spaces characters 5, 6 and 7, or 123. Backtracking information is discarded when a match is found, so there’s no way to tell after the fact that the group had a previous iteration that matched abc. (The only exception to this is the .NET regex engine, which does preserve backtracking information for capturing groups after the match attempt.)
The solution to capturing abc123 in this example should be obvious now: the regex engine should enter and leave the group only once. This means that the plus should be inside the capturing group rather than outside. Since we do need to group the two alternatives, we’ll need to place a second capturing group around the repeated group: !((abc123)+)!. When this regex matches !abc123!, capturing group #1 will store abc123, and group #2 will store 123. Since we’re not interested in the inner group’s match, we can optimize this regular expression by making the inner group non-capturing: !((?:abc123)+)!.
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Quick Start Tutorial Tools & Languages Examples Reference Book Reviews
Regular Expressions Examples Numeric Ranges Floating Point Numbers Email Addresses IP Addresses Valid Dates Numeric Dates to Text Credit Card Numbers Matching Complete Lines Deleting Duplicate Lines Programming Two Near Words
Catastrophic Backtracking Denial of Service Making Everything Optional Repeated Capturing Group Mixing Unicode & 8-bit
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SnagIt is the most complete screen capture utility available. Showing someone exactly what you see on your screen is sometimes the quickest and clearest way to communicate. With SnagIt, you can select anything on your screen – an area, image, article, Web page, or error message – and capture it. Then, save the screen capture to a file, send it to SnagIt's editor to add professional effects, share it by e-mail, or drop it into PowerPoint®, Word®, or another favorite application. Capture and share images, text or video from your PC. Create beautiful presentations, flawless documentation and quickly save online content. The latest version of SnagIt offers a totally new interface and workflow - making SnagIt easier for beginners to use, while still providing maximum convenience and flexibility for the screen capture experts.
What's new in Snagit v11.0.1, 29 May, 2012:
- Fixed scrolling capture issues in Firefox and Chrome.
- Fixed a crash bug when Snagit launches on Windows 7N.
- Fixed a crash bug during video recording with hardware acceleration turned on.
- Fixed a bug where video playback would not work on Windows XP and Windows Vista if Camtasia Studio was first installed.
- Fixed a bug where some audio setups would cause a video recording to stop after a few seconds.
- Fixed a bug where starting a video capture over multiple monitors would turn Aero theme off.
- Fixed resizing and renaming bugs with Convert Images.
- Fixed a bug where Snagit's Ctrl+Shift+R (repeat last capture) hotkey would override the same hotkey in MS Outlook.
See Full List On Support.techsmith.com
Download: SnagIt 11.0.1 63.1 MB (Shareware)
Link: SnagIt Home PageDocumentation